Though the Atlantic slave trade had been abolishe… He would be a forerunner for Christ in the Dark Continent! Most of all, David Livingstone lived a life sacrificed to Christ. David Livingstone was the most famous African missionary. He inspired the next generation to initiate healthcare practices and an education system for people living in central Africa. “Mother Teresa, Neil Armstrong, and Abraham Lincoln rolled into one”. David Livingstone, a well-known missionary of Mary’s time, encouraged other Christians to come to Africa to share the gospel. He explained to a classroom full of Cambridge University students; “For my own part, I have never ceased to rejoice that God has appointed me to such an office. The tombstone of Dr. David Livingstone reads: MISSIONARY, TRAVELLER, PHILANTHROPIST… 30 YEARS HIS LIFE WAS SPENT IN AN UNWEARIED EFFORT TO EVANGELIZE THE NATIVE RACES, TO EXPLORE THE UNDISCOVERED SECRETS, TO ABOLISH THE DESOLATING SLAVE TRADE. Livingstone’s most famous expedition was in 1866-73, when he explored central Africa in an attempt to find the source of the Nile. His men were not loyal, and his equipment, brought from Bombay, was in poor condition.Outrages broke out amongst the group, causing disunity and distrust. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1996. He was diligent unto death. Over the years, Livingstone continued his explorations, reaching the western coastal region of Luanda in 1853. 1840 – Dr. Livingstone sailed nearly 2,000 miles to pursue missions work in Africa. A Zionist statesman and political leader, David Ben-Gurion was the first prime minister and defense minister of Israel. At the time that Stanley began his relief operation, Dr. David Livingstone was the most renowned of all the explorers of Africa. Livingstone had a plan of his own, but it did not involve the government’s control. This was disheartening for the Livingstone parents and their four children, however, David Livingstone meant to carry on through Africa. Livingstone was one of the most famous 19th-century European explorers of Africa. During this time, Dr. David Livingstone fell in love with Robert Moffat’s daughter, Mary Moffat. Livingstone was an Englishman who believed that the African slave trade could be destroyed through the influence of Christianity and by treating the African people with kindness and respect. However, Livingstone was not out for fame, and he declined all offers from the government proposals. While Livingstone had a great impact on British Imperialism, he did so at a tremendous cost to his family. There was no way to get to those in need. With only a small group of African men who volunteered to join him. The descriptive letters of the tribes he had written home to, were captivating and magical to the people. A life of gain for the Kingdom. Henry Morton Stanley set out to find the missing great explorer. Livingstone eventually made his way north and set out to trek across the Kalahari Desert. He went out originally as British consul at Quelimane: This expedition was infinitely better organized than Livingstone’s previous solitary journeys. The two missionaries were united in marriage during 1845. No longer were they searching for the source of the Nile, they were searching for Livingstone. This was a false assumption on their part because, as we can see from Livingstone’s life, he shared Jesus with all of the African people’s he happened upon. 1864 – Livingstone returned to England to further his missionary career. Livingstone has been positioned as a staunch abolitionist who believed in the dignity of Africans, the viability of commercial enterprises for the continent and the imposition of Christianity, despite Indigenous spiritual beliefs. Livingstone’s treasured medical chest was stolen, and he became very ill. All of this, along with encounters of Portuguese territory, horrified Livingstone. He even kept a medicine chest with him at all times. Meanwhile, Livingstone was going about his expedition. Dr David Livingstone is perhaps one of Scotland’s best-known explorers, famed for his expeditions deep into Africa in search of the source of the Nile River. Home » Posts Page » Blog » Missionary Stories » David Livingstone: Missionary, Explorer, and Abolitionist. He eventually escaped, severely ill, and settled in Ujiji for rest and recuperation. Livingstone undertook another expedition to Africa, landing at Zanzibar in early 1866 and going on to find more bodies of water, with the hope of locating the source of the Nile River. But during his twentieth year, Livingstone wrote this regarding his personal conversion to Christ: “I saw the duty and inestimable privilege to accept salvation by Christ. His life was one of sacrifice, exploration, love, and discovery. By 1856, Livingstone had gone across the continent from west to east, arriving at the coastal region of Quelimane in what is present-day Mozambique. David Livingstone was a Scottish missionary and explorer who traveled to Africa to serve as a doctor and spread Christianity. In 1855, David Livingstone was the first European to see the Mosi-oa-Tunya waterfalls, which he renamed Victoria Falls after Queen Victoria. While studying for his medical degree, the student was influenced by a missionary in China,  Dr. Charles Gutslaff. David Ruffin was an American soul singer who rose to fame as one of the lead singers of the Temptations. He journeyed inland, to start a 10-year chapter of his life in missions with his colleague, Robert Moffat. He marched on, but his feet were covered in sores, and he was still overcome with dysentery. website of the David Livingstone Spectral Imaging Project. “No living man shall stop me. We strive for accuracy and fairness. We will learn in this post why David Livingstone lived to such high claims, and why he is arguably one of the most impactful missionaries to ever live. He was found in his tent, peacefully kneeling at his bedside; Livingstone passed away while in prayer. Livingstone believed that when Africa entered into the world’s economy, the evil slave trade would have to stop. The whole world was waiting for Livingstone to find the very source of the Nile, which would be key to understanding Africa. Stanely brought the medical attention Livingstone needed for his health. David Livingstone was born on March 19, 1813, in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, and grew up with several siblings in a single tenement room. Start studying David Livingstone. In this book, Livingstone also wrote about his use of quinine as a malarial remedy and theorized about the connection between malaria and mosquitoes. There came a time when there was no word from Livingstone for a very long while. In March 1858, after fifteen months in Britain, Livingstone again set sail for Africa. Livingstone declared. He started where Livingstone was last seen, years ago. This way, he could help heal diseases of the African slaves that he met. This was written by a close companion of Livingstone concerning the nature of his death: “By the candle still burning they saw him…  kneeling at the bedside, with his head buried in his hands upon the pillow… he had passed away on the furthest of all his journeys, and without a single attendant. But in 1858, Livingstone surrendered his belonging to the London Missionary Society, so that he could advance his discoveries even further. Something tells me that I shall find him. Away with the word in such a view, and with such a thought! He was a self-taught, determined youth. It caused outrage; titled, “The Zambesi and Its Tributaries“, 4,800 copies were sold the first evening it was on the market. The nation was no longer supporting colonies that enslaved the African tribes, they actually developed colonies to coexist with the African people. His body was eventually transported to and buried at Westminster Abbey. The four Livingstone children, representatives of learned society men, and the entire public all showed for his death. And I write it larger, find him, FIND HIM.”. During the 1840s, Livingstone made several expeditions from the mission base in Kuruman. I gawked, thinking this had to be a far fetch. Other bodies of water were discovered, though Livingstone's wife, Mary, would perish from fever upon returning to Africa in 1862. He would write about his burning heart for the nation, earnestly questioning the people of Europe: “Who will penetrate the heart of Africa?”. The Scottish explorer and physician, David Livingstone, actually wanted … David Livingstone pursued training in medicine and missionary work before moving to Africa in 1841. He often starved and had very little clean water. Livingstone hoped to go to China as a missionary, but the First Opium War broke out in September 1839 and the LMS suggested the West Indies instead. In 1866, Livingstone returned to Africa for a mission to discover the source of the Nile. Soccer star David Beckham has played for Manchester United, England, Real Madrid and the L.A. Galaxy. Bloomington, MN 55438. Livingstone was obviously an inspiration to Henry Morton Stanley, who took it upon himself to pick up the explorations where his hero had left off. After a four-month journey, Livingstone arrived in South Africa in 1841. Sadly, Mrs. Livingstone had become so ill, that by the time they arrived, she could go no further than the missionary base. But he had died in the act of prayer, — prayer offered in that reverent attitude about which he was always so particular; commending his own spirit… into the hands of his Savior; and commending Africa, his own dear Africa, with all her woes and sins and wrongs, to the Avenger of the oppressed and the Redeemer of the lost.”. 1857 – Livingstone publishes Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa. Livingstone was living in an exotic paradise, it seemed. Dr. David Livingstone. This helped Livingstone’s mission further advance with greater resources and more men. The dedicated explorer had not seen his homeland in over 16 years. Stanley caught a fresh new insight for his case once Livingstone appeared in Ujiji. From coast to coast, Livingstone and his men faced trials. Where did the largest, most mysterious river in all the world originate? Say rather it is a privilege. He also wrote letters back to the English concerning the slave trade, which greatly disturbed Western governments and citizens. Livingstone’s religious background had turned him into a fierce abolitionist. Rotating rumors in his region, spoke of a European man north of him. 1866 – Livingstone returned to the famous continent, Africa. It was there that he was inspired by fellow missionary Rober Moffat — whose daughter Livingstone would we in 1845 — and became convinced that it was his life’s mission to not only spread Christianity to people all over the continent but to liberate them from the evils of slavery. Livingstone and his party were even attacked by the Dutch. Not only did he bring the Gospel to the lost, but he revealed the continent of Africa to the whole world. Traveling over 2,000 miles on foot, Livingstone went from the west coast of Luanda and all way around to the east coast Mozambique in the span of three years. In 1855, he came across another famous body of water, the Zambezi falls, called by native populations "Smoke That Thunders" and which Livingstone dubbed Victoria Falls, after Queen Victoria. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. David Livingstone was a missionary so he went to Africa to spread the gospel to the people of Africa. David Geffen is an ambitious, energetic music and movie executive who established a vast Hollywood-based empire, featuring Geffen Records and DreamWorks. Livingstone’s work changed the British view of using “lesser races” for material gain. This can be attributed to his funding by the Royal Geographical Society. Being attacked by a lion, Livingstone had scars all over his body. Livingstone was now with the Lord. In 1840, Dr. David Livingstone sailed nearly 2,000 miles to pursue missions work for the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Livingstone’s heart will forever be in Africa. "I will go at once to Africa," said Livingstone. The young Livingstone was born to religious parents in Scottland during the year of 1813. It was 1866 when Livingstone returned to the famous continent. All these are nothing when compared with the glory which shall be revealed in and for us. The hardships were definite hindrances for Livingstone to spread the Gospel, but he would never stop. As Livingstone’s heart took a tragic blow, so did his mission and expeditions. Responding to his call, Mary applied to become a missionary in Calabar, Nigeria. When someone asked David Livingstone why he became a missionary to Africa, he replied, \"I was compelled by the love of Christ.\" A Along with his missionary focus, Livingstone was determined to open up Africa with maps and records. He was breaking history, while the world mourned and wondered. This famous explorer spent 30 years of his life living in the Africa and exploring every point of this "dark continent". Using none other than Livingstone’s very own map, Stanley embarked further inland. This young doctor was David Livingstone, born in Blantyre, Scotland, March 19, 1813. Mr. and Mrs. Livingstone and their youngest son sail for Cape Town. Only death can prevent me; but death, — not even this. He founded a mission at Mabotsa. he was lost, found later with molaria. David Livingstone: Missionary, Explorer, and Abolitionist. Following the Zambezi River, the explorer discovered the Victoria Falls, which he named after his queen. In his absences, his children grew up missing their father, and his wife Mary (daughter of Mary and Robert Moffat), whom he wed in 1845, endured very poor health, and died of malaria on 27 April 1862 trying to follow him in Africa. His men were not loyal, and his equipment, brought from Bombay, was in poor condition. In 1849, he came upon Lake Ngami and, in 1851, the Zambezi River. It was also a key to furthering Livingstone’s ministry, as his relationships with tribal groups would prove to be crucial for his explorations later on. Jacques-Louis David was a 19th-century painter who is considered to be the principal proponent of the Neoclassical style. Died at Ilala, Africa, May 1, 1873. Parents. In 1840, David Livingstone set sail for South Africa as a Christian missionary. The moment Stanley longed for was right in front of him. Who was the missionarie and explorer that went to Africa? He was excited by Moffat's vision of expanding missionary work northwards, and he was also influenced by abolitionist T.F. What happened to Livingstone while in Africa? Even with his world-renowned fame, Livingstone’s primary goal was still to bring others to Christ. Livingstone’s response is such a strikingly perfect representation of his character and determination for the Lord. During this time, a publisher at the New York Herald decided to monopolize on the dramatic opportunity. © 2021 Bethany Global University. The worst of it all was the horrendous treachery he witnessed committed against humans, the slave trade in Africa. He was also gifted with letters from home, food, and supplies. The missionary experienced severe illnesses of many kinds such as malaria and terrible fevers. Livingstone by now was one of the biggest mysteries in the Western world. Few did more to increase Africa’s fame than Livingstone, one of the United Kingdom's most intrepid explorers. He would search out the thousand villages, and other thousands, where no missionary had ever been. He declined offers from the government, who were urging Livingstone to return to Africa. But his courage was arguably most captivating. This gave him enough hope and courage to keep carrying on. After being reunited with his wife in Mozambique, the couple decided to sail on the Zambesi River. 1856 – Livingstone returns to England and receives a hero’s welcome with the gold medal from the Royal Geographic Society. Henry Stanley. However, he was not well prepared. I shall not die; I will not die; I cannot die. 1846 – Livingstone married Mary Moffat, missionary Robert Moffat’s daughter. David Dinkins was the mayor of New York City from 1990 to 1994, and he was the first Black mayor of the city. He wanted to only work with the African people. Tragically, a life-threatening illness struck the Livingstone family in 1852, forcing Livingstone to send his wife and children to Britan for medical attention. His open hand and willingness to go for the Gospel is what brought Livingstone further than any man had been, up to his time. Subscribe to this blog to get this free guide to bring clarity to your calling. At the beginning of 1871, Henry Morton Stanley set out to find the missing great explorer, Dr. David Livingstone. From the beginning of his walk with Christ, Dr. David Livingstone was compelled to missions. The missionary believed the way to abolish slavery was to explore the continent and expose the evil to the rest of the world. Who found Livingstone with molaria? Further north, Livingstone had fallen captive to Arab traders, living at their mercy for his life. ". He is one of the most famous men of his time; a missionary who was dedicated to the heart of Africa and unceasing for Christ without hesitation. ... Where did he go to school? To help spread the gospel and open up Africa for trade, David explored the continent, opening up “God’s Highway,” as he called it. Livingstone changed history forever when he chose the “Dark Continent”, Africa, as his mission field. Here, he had access to the entire world. In 1855, he became the first European to see Victoria Falls and gave the Falls its European name. Livingstone embarked on another expedition to Africa that led him to Zanzibar early in 1866, in the hope of locating the source of the Nile River. One of the greatest legacies that he left behind was the stirring for the abolition of slavery. Livingstone, in the meantime, got lost again—in a swamp literally up to his neck. The action of the Western world could not have been accomplished without Livingstone’s geographical findings, however. For those with little persistence, it would have been a lost cause. He also could never forget his passion to end the slave trade. She was accepted and, after three months of training, was on a ship bound for Africa. Livingstone died from dysentery and malaria on May 1, 1873, at the age of 60, in Chief Chitambo's Village, near Lake Bangweulu, North Rhodesia (now Zambia). He was then carried by his fellow men, on foot for 9-months to reach the coast. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! He returned, for one night, to his old home. The man’s name was Sechele, the chief of a tribe Livingstone had reached out to. All rights reserved. Upon arrival, it dawned on David Livingstone of his fame. He pressed on. Once at the coast, Livingstone’s body was sailed to England. Outrages broke out amongst the group, causing disunity and distrust. David Livingstone was a Scottish explorer, abolitionist, and Christian missionary. Upon arrival to England in 1864, Livingstone delved into the pursuit of his mission even further. These were all foundational to proving the success of their mission. He wanted colonies, economies, and merchant trade to rise up in Africa from the Western world. He was a staunch abolitionist after witnessing the horrors of the African slave trade, and returned to the region twice after his initial voyage. Their first child, Robert, was born a year later in January 1846 [2]. Which eventually led David to study medicine in 1836. Before Dr. David Livingstone, there was not even a notion of what Africa contained. During this year of his life, Livingstone started working on a cotton mill in town while teaching himself every evening [1]. The Arabs south of the Sahara never ventured far from the coast inland. Then there were the Ngoni raids against Livingstone and his men, which proved to be very violent. The rivers were riddled with rapids and sand bars. 6820 Auto Club Road Suite C To make things worse, one of his followers returned to his village and deceptively reported Livingstone dead. He wanted to go to China. He planned on going back to Africa without any European men to follow him, and no European equipment. Bringing a few men with him and carrying the American flag, Stanley arrived at Ujiji in November of 1871. During his childhood, David disliked Scripture and “religion”. 1813 – Livingstone was born to religious parents in Scottland. His most famous works include "The Death of Marat" and "Napoleon Crossing the Alps.". This only added to Livingstone’s fame. People talk of the sacrifice I have made in spending so much of my life in Africa… Is that a sacrifice which brings its own blest reward in… the consciousness of doing good, peace of mind, and a bright hope of a glorious destiny hereafter? Then, the dedicated missionary saw his first convert. Niel Livingstone, whose ancestry came from Ulfa Island, of the Staffa group of Great Britain, first as a tailor and then as a tea merchant, made a moderate living in Blantyre. In April 1873, Livingstone would take his last steps in the march for discovery and abolition. The man had stirred the hearts and spirits of many with his adventures and passion for Africa. Before the ceremony a short service was performed by the Scottish Presbyterian minister Mr Hamilton. The fearless leader, Livingstone, took the entourage all the way to the Shire River, then to the mouth of the Zambesi, and they even made the discovery of Lake Nyassa. Stanley located the physician in Ujiji in late 1871, and upon seeing him, uttered the now-well-known words, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?". The expedition was fully equipped with supplies and men from Europe. When questioned about the subject, Livingstone always said; “The end of exploration is the beginning of enterprise.”. Livingstone never did recover. Once on the coast, Livingstone was able to sail home. 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